1,3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Sarajevo
Zmaja od Bosne 33-35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
2 Teaching Training Faculty, Sjeverni logor bb, 88104 Mostar, Bosna i Hercegovina
4 National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo
Zmaja od Bosne 7, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lelo, S., Abaza, A., Vesnić, A., & Kulijer, D. New record of Yellow–banded Skipper, pyrgus sidae (Esper, 1782) (Lepidoptera, Hesperioidea), in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The paper presents information on the new record of Pyrgus sidae in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Esper, 1782), which also constitutes the first record in 21 century. The data on earlier findings of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina is reviewed. In 2006, S. Lelo collected three male specimens in Bratogošac Hill near Ravno (Popovo field). According to the available data this was the first record of the species since 1922. Another male specimen was collected by A. Abaza on 12 June 2009 in Mt. Prenj (Rujište) near Mostar.
However, upon examination of the material available in Science Collection of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, specimens collected in 1982 and 1989 were uncovered. Therefore, complete revision of the findings of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina was in order.
Key words: Lepidoptera, butterflies, Skippers, Pyrgus, sidae, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Pyrgus sidae (Esper, 1782) was not recorded (Apfelbeck, 1892) during the first survey of butterflies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, a more detailed study coordinated by H. Rebel at the end of the 19th and the begging of the 20th century, revealed the above-mentioned species (ordinal 152.) in a few locations: Trebević, Blagaj, Nevesinje (Lakat) and Stolac (Rebel, 1904).
K. Šaverda confirmed these findings by investigating this species at the beginning of the 20th century. Furthermore, he also claimed observations at new localities: Grab and Orjen Mt. (Schawerda, 1916). In the second half of the 20th century, Pyrgus sidae Esper, 1782 was positively listed only once in the B. Mihljević project: „The Forest Insects of Bosnia and Herzegovina“ lead by E. Georgijević (Georgijević, 1974). The claimed location is in Mt. Orjen. R Sijarić also refered to this species in his paper on the structure and composition of Rhopalocera populations from the karst ecosystems of eastern Herzegovina and Orjen Mt. A mark “+” indicating the presence of a species was entered next to P. sidae (Esper, 1782) entry in Grab location with no indication whether the specimens were observed or the entry relied on earlier published data (Sijarić, 1983; Lelo, 2007).
On 17 June 2006, S. Lelo collected three male specimens of yellow-banded skipper in Bratogošac Hill near Ravno (Popovo polje field). According to the available data this is the first record of the species since 1922. Another male specimen of yellow-banded skipper was collected by A. Abaza on 12 June 2009 in Rujište near Mostar (between Prenj Mt. and Velež Mt.), which confirmed previous finding.
Evaluation of the available material preserved within Scientific Collection of National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina revealed 14 specimens of this species from Bosnia and Herzegovina: Trebević Mt. – 1, Stolac – 4, Velež – 3, Mostar – 1, Blagaj – 3, Gacko – 1 and Grab – 1.
At this time, we may conclude with certainty that Pyrgus sidae (Esper, 1782) inhabits south-eastern parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and that continuous observations of this species have been made since the end of the 19th century. We consider that this species persists by the system of local populations and that it deserves to be defined at the level of Bosnian and Herzegovinian metapopulation.