Adi Vesnić,
Suvad Lelo

Odsjek za biologiju Prirodno-matematičkog fakulteta Sarajevo
Zmaja od Bosne 33-35, 71.000 Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina


Vesnić, A., Lelo, S.: Key for determination of Bosnian-Herzegovinian subfamilies of family Formicidae Latreille, 1802 (Insecta: Formicoidea). Prilozi fauni Bosne i Hercegovine, 2: 38-44. The work lists basic taxonomic features of the following subfamilies: Formicinae Latreille, 1809; Myrmicinae Lepeletier, 1835; Dolichoderinae Forel, 1878; and Ponerinae Lepeletier, 1835.

Key words: ants, areal, distribution, biologycal keys



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Goetsch, W., 1953: Die Staaten der Ameisen. Springler Verlag, Berlin, Gotingen, Heidelberg.

Lelo, S., Vesnić, A., 2005: Sistematski prijegled mrava Bosne i Hercegovine. Unutar: S. Lelo (urednik), Fauna Bosne i Hercegovine – Biosistematski prijegledi. Interno izdanje Udruženja za inventarizaciju i zaštitu životinja, Ilijaš, Kanton Sarajevo, pp. 183-186.

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Japanese Ant Datbase Group, 2003: Formicidae: key to subfamilies, couplet1 (Key: modified from Creighton, 1950): Myrmicinae.—–.html.

Linksvayer, T., 2006: Key to subfamilies of the Formicidae (Ants), based on external morphology (modified from: Holldobler, B., and E.,O., Wilson, 1990: The Ants).

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Taylor, B., 2006: The Ants of Africa subfamily Ponerinae – Genus Hypoponera: 1998-99, 2004, 2005 – CBiol FIBiol FRES 11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.



Out of 16 recent subfamilies of the Formicidae Latreille family (superfamily Fomicoidea Latreille, 1802), representatives of four subfamilies (Formicinae Latreille, Myrmicinae Lepeletier, Dolichoderinae Forel and Ponerinae Lepeletier) have been identified in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a total of 57 species (Lelo, Vesnic, 2005).

After studying literature about ants in Bosnia and Herzegovina, we have established that there isn’t sufficient data available on which to base an integral evolutionary, ecological and systematic research of the ants fauna in BiH. In other words, that it was in the first place necessary to establish the actual composition of this fauna; only after the complete list is established, it will be possible to start the actual analysis outside the fauna reviews. Thus we have decided to clarify, through a specialist paper, the basic morphological and anatomical, including biotaxonomical, features of the researched group; all with the aim of making the gathering activities of numerous interested amateurs become more popular. Such key is essential for elementary education of the interested amateurs who are expected to assist in gathering materials and more detailed fauna data regarding the ants fauna in BiH; all with the aim of putting together a realistic list of the affiliated species as quickly as possible.

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